Project Management Defined (according to Project Management Institute’s “Project Management Body of Knowledge”):
“Project Management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities in order to meet or exceed stakeholder needs and expectations from a project. Meeting or exceeding stakeholder needs invariably involves balancing competing demands among:
• Scope, time, cost, and quality.
• Stakeholders with differing needs and expectations.
• Identified requirements (needs) and unidentified requirements (expectations).”
Schedules as Planning and Control Tools
While this might be a very theoretical way to introduce the topic of construction scheduling, it is necessary to see where scheduling “fits in” with the overall process of planning, communicating, and measuring construction. Scheduling is not the same as managing projects, but it is one of the key success factors to successfully manage a project.
Whether a formal schedule is produced or not, every project is “scheduled” (every at-risk contract has a deadline date.). What we will present in our next seminar are some tools and techniques to help make the job of scheduling more effective and easier. Scheduling techniques should be considered just “another toolbox” filled with a variety of options which can be used develop the initial schedule, effectively represent in various ways, and utilize it to control one of the most valuable resources available to the project management team: time.
The use of time during a construction project is related to the cost of the project and to the level of quality that can be achieved. In other words, cost control and schedule control are closely related processes. (Safety and quality are always expected to be excellent.)
However, it all begins with planning, forecasting, and then, communicating that plan and forecast. . These are very human endeavors and are activities that we can never be too skilled or know too much about.