forerunner to the videotape recorder. The kinescope is a process whereby live television broadcasts were filmed from a television monitor, using 16mm film. This was done primarily for programming that was on a time delay, particularly to accommodate the Westem time zone. The kinescope process was not very efficient, since the film had to be developed and dried before it could be used for broadcast, and the reproduction was lacking in clarity. Today, with its speed of reproduction and portability, the videotape recorder has replaced the kinescope. The videotape quality is such that the reproduction is virtually indistinguishable from the live production.