- value of stockholders’ ownership interest in a corporation after all claims have been paid, and thus a claim on its assets in proportion to the number, and class, of shares owned. Equity, also called net value or net worth, is total assets less total liabilities. Common stock equity of a bank is counted as part of its risk-based capital.
- fairness in settling legal disputes, as opposed to a strict interpretation of common law rules.
- residual value of a brokerage or futures margin account, assuming its liquidation at the current market prices.
- credit union member’s ownership interest, represented by a share account.
- market value of real property, less any outstanding mortgages.
In general: (1) residual ownership or (2) fairness.
Accounting: paid-in capital plus retained earnings.
Banking: difference between the amount for which a property could be sold and the claims held against it.
Brokerage: excess of securities over debit balance in a margin account. For instance, equity would be $28,000 in a margin account with stocks and bonds worth $50,000 and a debit balance of $22,000.
Investment: ownership interest possessed by shareholders in a corporation-stock as opposed to bonds.
Real estate: property value in excess of debt.
In general: fairness. Law courts, for example, try to be equitable in their judgments when splitting up estates or settling divorce cases.
Banking: difference between the amount a property could be sold for and the claims held against it.
Brokerage account: excess of securities over debit balance in a margin account. For instance, equity would be $28,000 in a margin account with stocks and bonds worth $50,000 and a debit balance of $22,000.
Investments: ownership interest possessed by shareholders in a corporation-stock as opposed to bonds.
fairness (as an objective of insurance pricing). Premium rates are set according to expectation of loss among a classification of policyowners. The premise is that all insureds with the same characteristics should have the same expectation of loss and should be listed under the same underwriting classification. For example, in life insurance, individuals with a good personal health history, family health history, a job with no special hazards, and who are of good character, should be classified as standard risks and thereby pay standard rates.
the interest or value that the owner has in real estate over and above the liens against it.